Psychohistory Forum Panel (continued):
The Threat to American and World Democracies in Light of the 2024 US Election
• Anna Geifman: The Israeli Struggle to Maintain Their Democracy (30 min)
• Krystyna Sanderson: The Polish Struggle for Democracy Against Authoritarianism (30 min)

Anna Geifman: The Israeli Struggle to Maintain Their Democracy (30 min)

Abstract: The goal of this presentation is to outline—and perhaps initiate a new discussion about—some vital threats to democracy in Israel, the Jewish homeland, struggling to preserve its national character within the parameters of the liberal democratic world order. The argument stems from the opinion that politics are manifest attributes of deeper, ambiguous, many-sided processes.

Political changes represent more profound developments and provide insights for analyzing them. Democracy in Israel is part of the global sociocultural situation, which appears to be at a turning point, uncertain and precarious, as many turning points tend to be. Like elsewhere in the postmodern world, the key threat to democracy is patent confusion about its meaning and purposes. Mental uncertainty translates into oversight and manipulation, contradictory to the democratic system and dangerous for its very essence.

Bio: Anna Geifman, PhD, earned her doctoral degree at Harvard University and, is the author of Thou Shalt Kill: Revolutionary Terrorism in Russia, 1894-1917 (Princeton University Press, 1993), Entangled in Terror: The Azef Affair and the Russian Revolution (2000), and Death Will Be Your God:  from Russian Nihilism to Islamist Terrorism (in French, 2005).  She is the editor of Russia under the Last Tsar: Opposition and Subversion, 1894-1917 (Blackwell, 1999).  Her most recent work is Death Orders: The Vanguard of Modern Terrorism in Revolutionary Russia (2010). For over 20 years, Geifman has been Professor of History at Boston University, teaching undergraduate and graduate classes on Russian and Soviet history, modern terrorism, and psychohistory. She also holds a senior research position in the Political Science Department at Bar-Ilan University in Israel.  She can be contacted at .

Krystyna Sanderson: The Polish Struggle for Democracy Against Authoritarianism (30 min)

Abstract: The new political situation in Poland after the 2023 election that brought a democratic government after eight years of authoritarian regime will be discussed; how the authoritarian party is attempting to overthrow it, similarly to the attack on the US Capitol.

Bio: Krystyna Sanderson, PsyD, LP, is a psychoanalyst in private practice in New York and an instructor at the Psychoanalytic Training Institute. She writes and lectures regularly on topics dealing with psychoanalysis in relation to art, spirituality, and the application of psychoanalytic principles to social and historical phenomena. She is a member of NAAP as well as IPhA.

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